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TABLE OF CONTENTS



1. THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES

Mass and Weight
Specific Volume
Density
Specific Gravity
Humidity
Intensive and Extensive Properties
Summary
 
2. TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS

Temperature
Temperature Scales
Pressure
Pressure Scales
Summary
 
3. ENERGY, WORK, AND HEAT

Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Specific Internal Energy
Specific P-V Energy
Specific Enthalpy
Work
Heat
Entropy
Energy and Power Equivalences
Summary
 
4. THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES

Thermodynamic Systems and Surroundings
Types of Thermodynamic Systems
Thermodynamic Equilibrium
Control Volume
Steady State
Thermodynamic Process
Cyclic Process
Reversible Process
Irreversible Process
Adiabatic Process
Isentropic Process
Polytropic Process
Throttling Process
Summary
 
5. CHANGE OF PHASE
 
Classification of Properties
Saturation
Saturated and Subcooled Liquids
Quality
Moisture Content
Saturated and Superheated Vapors
Constant Pressure Heat Addition
Critical Point
Fusion
Sublimation
Triple Point
Condensation
Summary
 
6. PROPERTY DIAGRAMS AND STEAM TABLES
 
Property Diagrams
Pressure-Temperature (P-T) Diagram
Pressure-Specific Volume (P-v) Diagram
Pressure-Enthalpy (P-h) Diagram
Enthalpy-Temperature (h-T) Diagram
Temperature-Entropy (T-s) Diagram
Enthalpy-Entropy (h-s) or Mollier Diagram
Steam Tables
Summary
 
7. FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
 
First Law of Thermodynamics
Summary
 
8. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
 
Second Law of Thermodynamics
Entropy
Carnot’s Principle
Carnot Cycle
Diagrams of Ideal and Real Processes
Power Plant Components
Heat Rejection
Typical Steam Cycle
Causes of Inefficiency
Summary
 
9. COMPRESSION PROCESSES
 
Boyle’s and Charles’ Laws
Ideal Gas Law
Fluid
Compressibility of Fluids
Constant Pressure Process
Constant Volume Process
Effects of Pressure Changes on Fluid Properties
Effects of Temperature Changes on Fluid Properties
Summary
 
10. HEAT TRANSFER TERMINOLOGY
 
Heat and Temperature
Heat and Work
Modes of Transferring Heat
Heat Flux
Thermal Conductivity
Log Mean Temperature Difference
Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient
Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient
Bulk Temperature
Summary
 
11. CONDUCTION HEAT TRANSFER
 
Conduction
Conduction-Rectangular Coordinates
Equivalent Resistance Method
Electrical Analogy
Conduction-Cylindrical Coordinates
Summary
 
12. CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER
 
Convection
Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient
Convection Heat Transfer
Summary
 
13. RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER
 
Thermal Radiation
Black Body Radiation
Emissivity
Radiation Configuration Factor
Summary
 
14. HEAT EXCHANGERS
 
Heat Exchangers
Parallel and Counter-Flow Designs
Non-Regenerative Heat Exchanger
Regenerative Heat Exchanger
Cooling Towers
Log Mean Temperature Difference Application to Heat Exchangers
Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient
Summary
 
15. BOILING HEAT TRANSFER
 
Boiling
Nucleate Boiling
Bulk Boiling
Film Boiling
Departure from Nucleate Boiling and Critical Heat Flux
Summary
 
16. HEAT GENERATION
 
Heat Generation
Flux Profiles
Thermal Limits
Average Linear Power Density
Maximum Local Linear Power Density
Temperature Profiles
Volumetric Thermal Source Strength
Fuel Changes During Reactor Operation
Summary
 
17. DECAY HEAT
 
Reactor Decay Heat Production
Calculation of Decay heat
Decay Heat Limits
Decay Heat Removal
Summary
 
18. CONTINUITY EQUATION
 
Introduction
Properties of Fluids
Buoyancy
Compressibility
Relationship Between Depth and Pressure
Pascal’s Law
Control Volume
Volumetric Flow Rate
Mass Flow Rate
Conservation of Mass
Steady-State Flow
Continuity Equation
Summary
 
19. LAMINAR AND TURBULENT FLOW
 
Flow Regimes
Laminar Flow
Turbulent Flow
Flow Velocity Profiles
Average (Bulk) Velocity
Viscosity
Ideal Fluid
Reynolds Number
Summary
 
20. BERNOULLI’S EQUATION
 
General Energy Equation
Simplified Bernoulli Equation
Head
Energy Conversions in Fluid Systems
Restrictions on the Simplified Bernoulli Equation
Extended Bernoulli
Application of Bernoulli’s Equation to a Venturi
Summary
 
21. HEAD LOSS
 
Head Loss
Friction Factor
Darcy’s Equation
Minor Losses
Equivalent Piping Length
Summary
 
22. NATURAL CIRCULATION
 
Forced and Natural Circulation
Thermal Driving Head
Conditions Required for Natural Circulation
Example of Natural Circulation Cooling
Flow Rate and Temperature Difference
Summary
 
23. TWO-PHASE FLUID FLOW
 
Two-Phase Fluid Flow
Flow Instability
Pipe Whip
Water Hammer
Pressure spike
Steam Hammer
Operational Considerations
Summary
 
24. CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
 
Energy Conversion in a Centrifugal Pump
Operating Characteristics of a Centrifugal Pump
Cavitation
Net Positive Suction Head
Pump Laws
System Characteristic Curve
System Operating Point
System Use of Multiple Centrifugal Pumps
Centrifugal Pumps in Parallel
Centrifugal Pumps in Series
Summary


Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, and Fluid Flow - Volume 1.pdf
Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, and Fluid Flow - Volume 2.pdf
Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, and Fluid Flow - Volume 3.pdf